Before we dive into the purpose of public speaking, let’s first take a look at some useful vocabularies.
Speaking in front of a crowd can be scary. Research has found that
Glossophobia - the fear of public speaking - is the most common phobia among Americans, ahead of thanatophobia - the fear of death.
The average person going to a funeral "would rather be in the casket than give the eulogy" which means many people are scared of public speaking.
They would rather die than speak in public.
Yeah, right, public speaking is that scary to many people. Are you scared?
But public speaking doesn't have to be so scary.
My friend, don’t worry, allow me to help you!
When we talk about public speaking, it involves a single speaker and an audience. The speaker is tasked to deliver a message or a speech of general interest to the audience.
Speeches can be classified according to purpose and delivery
THE THREE BASIC PURPOSES OF PUBLIC SPEAKING
1. To INFORM / INFORMATIVE
Is to give new information or ideas for others to learn or to expand their knowledge about a topic that they are already familiar. It is also called expository speech.
Types of Informative Speeches
Below are the three main types of informative speeches.
Examples of speech topics for a descriptive speech are describing the person who influenced you the most, the symptoms of a
rare genetic disorder like progeria, and the magnificence of the Northern Lights.
Examples of speech topics for a definition speech are explaining the effects of global warming, the concept of realism, and the
term net cash flow in the business.
Examples of speech topics for a demonstration speech are explaining how to operate a vote-counting machine, how toothpaste
is made, and how to apply for a student loan.
2. To ENTERTAIN / ENTERTAINING
An entertainment speech aims to amuse audience members and put them in a jovial mood. Although it can also inform or persuade, its primary focus is to entertain an audience or create a pleasant or interesting diversion.
It is important to note, however, that an entertaining speech does not need to be funny all the time and all throughout. It should be interesting enough to hold the attention of the audience members, and it should create an enjoyable experience for them.
3. To PERSUADE / PERSUASIVE
A persuasive speech aims to influence the audience to accept the speaker’s position or stand on an issue. The speaker attempts to convince the audience members to adopt his or her way of thinking or change the way they think about things.
Also, a persuasive speech is designed to urge the audience to take a particular action.
A speaker seeks to persuade the audience to start doing the action now. Sales pitches, political campaign talks, business presentations, and debates are forms of persuasive speech
Tips For Best Speech Delivery
What Kind of Dress Should You Wear?
How to Cope Up With Nerves?
What to Do When You Forget Your Line?
Common Mannerisms to Avoid
Four Types of Delivery
Three Styles of Delivery
How to Behave on the Stage
Beginning and Ending You Speech
How to Memorize Your Speech?
How to Write Your Speech
How to Overcome Fear of Public Speaking?
What is the Purpose of Public Speaking?
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This website was originally crafted for Chinese ESL learners. It is designed to cater to the needs of the Chinese students studying English as a second language but, it is also applicable to other nationalities and learners from around the world seeking to improve their public speaking skills. These lessons were not designed for the advance public speakers or learners with prior knowledge of the topic. Instead, you can check out the other courses you may be interested in.