The Purpose of Public Speaking?

Many people are scared to speak in front of other people. According to research, glossophobia (the fear of public speaking) is the number one fear among the Americans and the second is thanatophobia (the fear of death)

When you ask them to pay their last respect to someone and give a short speech, they tremble with fear. They would rather be the dead person than the one giving a short talk or speech which shows that many people are scared of public speaking.

They would rather die than deliver a speech in public.

Yeah, right, public speaking is that scary to many people. Are you scared? Public speaking is not scary.

My friend, do not worry allow me to help you!

When we talk about public speaking, there must be a speaker and listeners or an audience and the speaker should deliver a message that gives value to his listeners.

There are different classifications of speech, according to the purpose and according to delivery.



Informative speech aims to give the audience additional details about a certain topic they already know to broaden their understanding of it.

The informative speech is also called expository speech.

Types of Informative Speeches

Below are the three main types of informative speeches.

Descriptive speech

Gives a clear picture of a person, a place, an object, or an event through the use of the five senses touch, smell, feel, hear and taste. As you speak and the audience can see things clearly in their minds.

Definition speech

Clearly explains an idea in detail with the use of facts, the origin of things and other evidence available. In short, as a speaker, you explain hard things in a very easy to understand manner.

Demonstration speech

This is all about how to do something. You speak to give the audience detailed information of a procedure or a step by step process on how to do a particular task.


An entertainment speech aims to make the audience happy and catch their attention.

The primary focus of this speech is to entertain the audience.

Entertainment speech needs not to be funny all the time but, it should be interesting to keep the audience and give them a wonderful time.

You speak to make the audience happy and hold their attention to listen to your message.


A persuasive speech aims to convince the audience to believe in you and take action on what you are telling them to do.

You speak to influence your audience’s decision making and the way they think. You say the word, they believe you and they follow what you do.

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