The best speech in the world is carefully written, edited, memorized and practiced then perfected according to the audience’s level of comprehension.
Everything begins with a pen and paper. This is the first and foremost, that you should remember. In order to deliver a good speech and become a good public speaker, you should first learn how to write a speech.
Here are some steps you can follow.
7 EASY STEPS IN WRITING A SPEECH
Step 1: Paper and pen
You MUST have pieces of paper and a pen in hand. Not an iPad, not a Laptop and definitely not a phone.
You will need lots of paper because the first one will always be your draft. Use white paper or any paper that is clean and not many artistic decorations on it.
Step 2: Choose a topic
- After having a pen and paper, all you need to do is THINK.
- Think of a topic that you are interested in. It is imperative that you must be knowledgeable, or an expert, about the topic that you are about to deliver as it establishes credibility. This way, you will deliver your speech better.
- Then list it down on your paper.
- For students, most of the time, the teacher will give you a topic to prepare so you do not have to choose it. However, when the teacher says you can pick a topic that you want, you can apply the next trick.
- Use your paper to list down at least 10 topics, and then narrow it down to five, then three until you have the topic that interests you the best.
Step 3: Know your audience
Prepare a speech according to your specifications.
In preparing for a speech, you should consider the following:
You need to consider the age range of the audience so will you know what kind of topic to discuss. You can only deliver a speech effectively if you know your audience’s age.
For example, you are delivering a speech in front of high school students and you are talking about how to get a job in an international company, you would expect that the students will be restless and will not listen to you after few minutes.
But, if you talk about their favorite anime movie, they will listen to you until you are done.
- Educational and professional backgrounds
Delivering a speech in an event where the audiences have similar professional backgrounds, such as students, teachers, lawyers, or doctors, you should choose your topic wisely.
A doctor would be bored to hear about a speech on the study habits of the students.
You must deliver your speech according to your audience educational backgrounds and not yours.
In choosing your own topic, make sure to consider your audience’s ethnicities.
This means that you cannot just talk about race, culture, religion without knowing your audience’s background.
Avoid discussing sensitive topics that could put a particular ethnic group in a bad situation. Not all topics are free to talk.
Step 4: Gather some information
Now that you have a topic, it is time to gather some information about it. Go to the library and research for the topic you listed in your paper.
Gather as much information as you could from books, magazines, journals, newspapers, encyclopedias, and the web. Use all the available resources that you can find, but be careful not to be flooded by too much information.
Just pick some information about your topic and stick to it.
No more, no less.
Step 5: Outline and Organize your speech
Make an Outline and organize your speech before you start writing it, you must make an outline to organize your ideas and the information you have gathered.
A speech outline serves as the framework of the speech. It organizes the contents (the main points and the sub-points) of the speech.
By making a speech outline, you can see how your ideas connect with each other. It also allows you to identify where you need to add, remove, or revise some pieces of information as you go on.
A basic speech outline has three parts:
Step 6: Read
After gathering some information about your topic, the next thing you should do is read trying to understand it. It is necessary to read your notes in order for you to understand it.
Read repeatedly and if necessary, use a dictionary to look up for some difficult words.
Step 7: Write your first draft
At this point, it is time to write your first draft.
The question is how much information should you write?
All you need are 5 paragraphs of information; you don’t have to write all that you have researched. In writing your first, draft, less is more.
Pick only the 3 main ideas and nothing more.
Write your speech in this manner;
1st paragraph – Greetings and Introductions
2nd paragraph – Idea 1
3rd paragraph – Idea 2
4th paragraph – Idea 3
5th paragraph – Conclusion
Follow this format in writing your first draft. Do not edit yet, just keep writing. Write now, edit later!